Playing the card that is safe playing the competition card? Comparison of attitudes towards interracial marriages with non-white migrants and adoptees that are transnational Sweden


This short article compares the attitudes of white Swedes towards interracial marriages with somebody of non-white migrant beginning and a non-white transnational adoptee. The analysis is dependent on a postal study and follow-up interviews carried out in MalmГ¶, Sweden. Survey results reveal that transnational adoptees aren’t chosen as wedding lovers by white Swedes towards the exact same level as white Swedes. Furthermore, the distinctions in attitudes towards marriages with migrants and non-white adoptees are maybe maybe perhaps not statistically significant. Interviewees used the thought of social differences to describe the attitudes towards intermarriages with migrants. But, this is extremely contested whenever dealing with the attitudes towards non-white transnational adoptees. These outcomes reveal exactly exactly how race and visible distinctions perform a part in attitudes toward interracial marriages in Sweden.


This informative article examines the attitudes of white Swedes toward interracial wedding Footnote 1 in Sweden. It really is according to 420 study reactions and 28 interviews with individuals of white origins that are swedish 2 moving into Malmö, Sweden. Because data in Sweden show that people of Swedish beginning mostly intermarry with people of European beginning ( ag e.g. Crester, 1999; Niedomysl, Östh, & Van Ham, 2010; Stenflo, 2001), it really is of great interest to pay attention to just exactly what their attitudes are towards marrying someone of non-European origins. And even though other facets such as for example ethnicity, language or religion may may play a role, this short article will concentrate entirely as to how a few ideas of battle invoked by noticeable differences form the perception of tradition and social distinctions of this thought partner, which often may are likely involved in wedding preferences. In specific, this informative article centers around issue of just just how competition and noticeable distinctions for the thought partner plays a task by comparing attitudes towards having a partner of non-white migrant beginning or transracial adoptee, in other words. persons used from the non-European nation to a Swedish family members as a young child.

Past studies in Sweden have argued that visible distinctions, such as for example skin tone and other features, are interpreted as social distinctions ( e.g. Pred, 2000). The role of the visible differences in the perception of culture is highlighted by comparing attitudes towards partners of migrant origin and non-white transnational adoptees. Transnational adoptees who develop in Sweden as culturally Swedish have usually maybe maybe not been contained in the field of migration studies. Adoptees vary significantly off their migrant teams in Sweden inside their language ability, social back ground and social support systems. They often grow up in A swedish family members, with a Swedish-sounding title, along with Swedish as his or her mom tongue. Consequently, watching attitudes towards marriages with such adoptees and comparing all of them with migrants associated with exact same area of origin allows the analysis to inquire about the next two concerns: how do attitudes towards interracial marriages be explained by social choices? And just how can such attitudes be explained by noticeable distinctions and perceptions of battle?

Past studies on interracial wedding in Sweden

Intermarriage is commonly examined when you look at the North-American and context that is british. The subject has gained more attention into the context that is nordic the last few years, though, as Olofsson (2007) shows, it offers maybe perhaps not yet been commonly investigated or examined in Sweden. Research reports have mapped the true wide range of intermarriages and analyzed who marries whom ( e.g. Dribe & Lundh, 2011, Niedomysl, et al., 2010; Statistics Sweden, 2010). Nonetheless, as Swedish data try not to offer any information regarding the cultural or racial backgrounds of people, intermarriage is normally thought as a union between folks of various nationality or nation of delivery. Furthermore, the studies use various definitions of just just what comprises intermarriage. Because of this, various studies relate to almost all and minority populations in numerous methods. as an example, they normally use ideas such as for example foreign-born, Swedish-born or first/s generation and cultural Swedes, based on one’s nation of delivery and therefore of one’s parents. As a result of the ambiguity regarding the groups, the number that is actual of in Sweden continues to be uncertain. a finding that is important the Swedish studies is data show a rise in intermarriages in modern times. Crester’s research (1999) defines intermarriage as a wedding between a citizen that is swedish non-Swedish resident, and it also shows a 50% boost in the price of intermarriage from the 1970s towards the 1990s. The report that is latest from Statistics Sweden (2010) describes intermarriage through the nation of birth of one’s parents. Further, it states that from 2004 to 2008, a complete of 9per cent of most founded marriages were intermarriages between Swedish-born individuals with both moms and dads created in Sweden and foreign-born individuals.


I wish to thank Damian Finnegan for their intellectual and help that is technical.


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Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration Diversity and Welfare, Malmö University, 205 06, Malmö, Sweden

Sayaka Osanami Törngren

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